The diagnosis of ulcerative colitis is based on an assessment of the overall clinical picture of the disease, also takes into account the data of endoscopic and radiologic studies. With the X-ray determined length inflamed bowel section. Particular attention is paid to the diagnosis of sigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy, in which we study the state of the gastric mucosa.
Treatment of ulcerative colitis
Treatment of ulcerative colitis carried out in two ways: the overall impact, and in particular in the wall of the colon reactivity. The goal of treatment is to improve metabolism, reduce the inflammatory and allergic reactions, reduce the permeability of the smallest blood vessels of the intestine.
Treatment of the most severe forms of disease colitis is in the hospital. If the patient is required to follow a diet containing foods high in vitamins, minerals and proteins. It is strictly forbidden the use of milk, spicy and roughage. Any form of disease treatment involves anti-anxiety drugs and corticosteroids, reduces inflammation.
Repair dysbacteriosis help probiotics which contain microorganisms, natural microflora stomach. Also useful to use prebiotics – non-microbial substances that stimulate the growth of healthy intestinal flora.
The natural course and response to treatment of ulcerative colitis are hard to predict: any form of the disease can be given as an unexpected remission and flare.
For the treatment of colitis applied many medicines. For example, sulfasalazine – a drug that combines sulfapyridine and 5-amino salicylic acid. It reduces inflammation, and as a possible means to maintain remission. However, like other drugs, sulfasalazine have certain side effects and can not be applied without consultation with a physician.
Medical research shows that approximately one third of patients suffer severe ulcerative colitis and moderate form. This statistic indicates the need for regular monitoring and proper medication.